Health and Safety
FIRE SAFETY POLICY
BUSHMEAD PRIMARY SCHOOL
The governing body is responsible for determining and formulating a Fire Safety Policy that through the implementation of laid down procedures will ensure:
- the safety of all users of the school.
- protection of school and private property.
The Fire Safety Policy should recognise the following basic principles:
- prevention should always be the main aim.
- early detection can limit the scale of loss and improve the chances of detection.
- proper planning is vital to ensure an effective response to a fire alert.
The Governing Body believes that:
- Appropriate fire safety precautions should be in place so that all school users and visitors should be secure against the risk of fire.
- Procedures are to be laid down to ensure the safe evacuation of pupils, staff and visitors from all parts of the school premises.
- Relevant training should be given to all personnel to ensure that, in the event of fire, everyone can be safely evacuated from the building.
- Fire risks should be reviewed on a regular basis, and appropriate action be taken to reduce or eliminate these risks.
This Fire Safety Policy details the various ways in which fire safety within the school is to be achieved - through the use of well maintained fire safety equipment, adoption of fire protection and evacuation procedures, proper training and delegation of responsibilities to appropriate personnel, proper monitoring and reporting procedures. These procedures will give guidance on fire prevention the appropriate actions in the event of a fire being reported, and the procedures for safe evacuation of the premises.
- This Fire Safety Policy has been developed by the Site, Health and Safety Committee on behalf of the Governing Body of Bushmead Infant and Junior Schools.
- This policy is to be reviewed annually by the Site Health and Safety Committee and recommended to the Governing Body for acceptance.
- This policy covers fire prevention, fire protection and evacuation procedures. These procedures have been developed to prevent:
- loss of life/injury to all users of the Schools facilities
- loss/damage to school property
- loss/damage to personal property
- This policy aims to set out the necessary standards and practices that will ensure the safe use of all the facilities.
- Limits on personnel using school premises that are determined by the local Fire Authority and are to be strictly adhered to.
- A recognisable sign, containing the information as illustrated in Appendix A shall be displayed in each area of the school premises.
- Fire Exit routes and exit doors are to be properly identified using approved symbols/signage.
- Perpetuate a non-smoking environment.
- Inflammable materials should be stored in dedicated store cupboards which should display an appropriate warning sign.
- Working with inflammable materials should only be carried out in a safe and well ventilated environment.
- Electrical appliances should checked professionally on a regular basis.
- Any appliances that do not meet the required standard should be taken out of use for repair or disposal.
- Electrical appliances are to used only by teaching staff, administrative staff, non-teaching assistants, caretakers and maintenance engineers, governors and for use during authorised lettings.
- Electrical appliances may only be used by children during school activities and under full supervision of a member of the teaching staff.
- Matches, inflammable materials etc are only to be used by responsible adults.
- Matches, inflammable may only be used by children whilst under the direct supervision of a teacher or member of staff.
- Appropriate fire fighting equipment, such as fire extinguishers/blankets etc are available to hand when potentially hazardous equipment/materials are being used (e.g. cookers etc).
- All soft furnishings (curtains, furniture fabrics etc) and new furniture/equipment are to be made from fire retardant materials or are suitably fire proofed.
- Risk assessments should be carried out by a responsible person on all equipment, activities and procedures
4. FIRE EXTINGUISHERS
- Fire extinguishers are to be available at pre-determined points (in consultation with the local Fire Authority/ LEA Safety Adviser).
- All fire appliances are to be professionally checked regularly. Any defective piece of fire fighting equipment is to be replaced as soon as possible.
5.CORRIDORS AND FIRE DOORS
5.1 Fire doors are to be kept closed and not held open with wedges.
5.2 Escape routes are to be unlocked when the premises are in use.
- Corridors/Fire exit routes should be kept clear of potential fire hazards.
- Fire exits routes are clear and free from obstructions.
5.5 All exit routes are to be clearly indicated using appropriate signs and symbols.
6. FIRE ALARM SYSTEM
- Fire and smoke alarm alarms systems are to be kept in good working order.
- Fire alarms systems are to be tested regularly.
- Fire alarm and detection systems are to be professionally checked regularly.
7. EMERGENCY LIGHTING
- Emergency lighting systems should be in good working order.
- Emergency lighting systems should be tested regularly
- Emergency lighting installation to be professionally checked regularly
8. RAISING THE ALARM AND EVACUATION PROCEDURES
- Once a fire is detected, a responsible person should raise the alarm by breaking the glass on one of the fire alarm call points.
- A responsible person should immediately call the Fire Brigade.
- Children and visitors should be escorted to the muster points, where roll calls/register checks are to be carried out.
- Ensure that all regular school users are familiar with evacuation procedures.
- Fire drills should be practised at least once a term – a record should be entered in the appropriate log.
10. MONITORING AND MAINTENANCE
- Staff, governors and visitors are to be encouraged to be vigilant. The head teacher should be advised of any possible fire hazard that might affect the safety of any/all school users.
- Caretaker is to be asked to review potential fire hazards during normal duties.
- Caretaker is to check that all work/repairs are carried out to the required standard.
- Governing Body is to review reports on fire drills at least annually.
- Governors are to review potential fire hazards during annual inspection
BUSHMEAD PRIMARY SCHOOL
VISITORS FIRE NOTICE
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF ALL VISITORS TO MAKE THEMSELVES AWARE OF THE FIRE PROCEDURES AT BUSHMEAD PRIMARY SCHOOL.
THEY ARE DISPLAYED HERE AND THROUGHOUT THE SCHOOL
Hut Visitors-Fire Instructions
IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE:-
- ON HEARING THE FIRE ALARM VACATE THE HUT IMMEDIATELY
- IF SAFE TO DO SO ... EXIT THROUGH THE GREEN GATE USING THE KEY PROVIDED TO YOU WHEN YOU REGISTERED AT RECEPTION
- PROCEED THROUGH THE NEXT GREEN GATE (PAST THE BASKETBALL COURT)
- CONTINUE ALONG THE PATH TO THE MUSTER POINT ON THE KEY STAGE 1 PLAYGROUND BEHIND THE SCHOOL ADJACENT TO THE PLAYING FIELD.
- PLEASE ENSURE THAT YOUR PUPIL (S) REPORT TO THEIR CLASS TEACHER
DEALING WITH WINTER GRITTING AND SNOW CLEARANCE
GUIDELINES FOR MANAGERS OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND SCHOOLS
To ensure the safety of staff, visitors and pupils at schools and public buildings, and to satisfy the legal requirements for the provision of a safe working environment, this document is based on best practice and offers guidance to managers of schools and public buildings on a common sense approach to the clearance of snow and ice during periods of bad weather.
Management have a legal duty to take ‘reasonable’ steps to keep their workplaces/premises safe, and
employees have a duty to co-operate with the employer in terms of health and safety.
Within each council controlled premises management need to ensure that there are appropriate arrangements in place to deal with snow and ice. Roles can be broken down as follows:-
1.. Should agree the exact routes and areas of the premises to be cleared; this
information should be communicated to all members of staff regular visitors & parents well in advance of any bad weather. However this guidance note offers suggested clearance routes/criteria for consideration.
Centre Manager / Site Manager / Head teachers
1. Responsible for ensuring (before 1st October each year) that all sites under
their control are fully equipped with appropriate snow clearing and protective
equipment. Adequate stocks of rock salt and sand/grit etc are to be obtained from LBC approved supplier and shall not contain ammonia. COSHH Safety Data Sheet for the product needs to be obtained and adhered to. Consideration should be given to procuring alternative de- icing materials during periods of extreme weather when rock salt will be unavailable for non highway use.
2. Responsible for rearranging staff rosters to ensure snow and ice clearance is carried out and continued if freezing conditions prevail.
3. A formal snow clearance/gritting risk assessment should be carried out in
advance of bad weather, Your risk assessment must include reference to
manual handling issues, personal protective equipment for staff and how the
premises will communicate with staff, parents & visitors the appropriate access
routes to use during bad weather.
Building Supervisors/Caretakers/Other Staff
1. Responsible for the immediate clearance of snow and ice in designated
areas, in line with the premises policy & gritting plan. Where there is no Building
Supervisor/Caretaker/Casual staff employed at the premises Senior Management Team (SMT) may need to nominate another appropriate & suitable member of staff for this task.
2. Responsible for ensuring that equipment provided to clear snow and ice is
adequate for the purpose and maintained in a satisfactory condition, supplies
of rock salt and sand/grit mix should be monitored throughout the winter
period and replenished promptly.
3. Responsible for temporary closing access areas around the premises in line with policy/gritting plan that are not to be cleared or are lower down the
gritting schedule, such areas should be clearly marked (e.g. signage, tape
etc). Records of clearance and access route closures should be kept.
Treatment of Paths
Should be made as clear as possible. A risk assessment should be
undertaken to determine the paths that should be cleared immediately and the
ones that may be left until later (you can use your clearance/gritting plan as part
of your priority assessment by colour coding clearance routes). With this in mind
it may be necessary for some entrances/areas to be temporarily closed, this
could be achieved by taping off areas that continue to be a slip hazard as long as
management have given consideration to the maintenance of emergency escape routes. This information should be communicated to staff & parents as soon as possible
In addition to pathways/agreed access areas, in all cases
access pathways should be cleared from parking spaces provided for the
disabled, adjacent to premises entrances.
Please Note: Whilst it is not appropriate for staff to clear or grit areas
falling outside the premises boundary, e.g. pavements/public footpaths,
roads forming part of the public highway, Staff employed on snow clearance should consider clearing the immediate footway and access points to the premises , if these areas are considered particularly dangerous the centre manager should contact Highways Maintenance Services on 01582 510333.
When to grit/salt
- Whenever there is a risk of air temperatures dropping sufficiently to create ice / freezing conditions, as a guide a copy of the highways decision matrix is included within this guide.
- A good indication of these conditions is when the Council’s Highways vehicles are out gritting/salting the roads, check the councils web site for our planned actions, also check local weather reports.
- To minimise risk from snow and ice as well as gritting and snow clearing consider closure of some routes, particularly outside stairs, ladders and walkways on roofs'.
- Remember even weak sun will melt ice and assist the process.
- Pay special attention to areas that are shaded, as they may not thaw out during daylight hours.
- Once an area has been gritted/salted, it should continue to be treated on a regular basis until the risk of ice has passed.
- To gain the most economical and environmental solution the minimum amount of salt should be used , as a guide a good handful is sufficient to treat 1 m2 .
- There is no advantage in gritting/salting deep snow; this should be cleared from the path first.
1. Responsible for reporting to the Centre Manager/ Head Teacher any
situation where the recommended action contained within the premises
winter clearance policy/gritting plan has not been carried out.
2. Responsible for safeguarding own and colleagues’ health & safety in bad
weather. Staff should also wear footwear/clothing appropriate to the
Method of Clearance
A pathway of at least one meter wide should be cleared, this will allow suitable access for pedestrians and pushchairs/ wheelchairs. Snow and ice should be completely removed using a suitable snow scraper or shovel, snow and ice should NOT be brushed, or dissolved using hot water, as this will make surfaces more hazardous. Once the path has been cleared rock salt should be used to
assist in providing extra grip. During exceptional periods a mix of rock salt and sharp sand should be used.
Paths should be regularly checked throughout the day to ensure -freezing or further snow coverage has not occurred. Additional care should be taken when clearing sloping pathways and steps, it may be necessary for safety reasons to consider the temporary closure of some non essential areas of the premises (e.g. steep pathways, car parks, etc) to avoid risks to staff, pupils or visitors. An assessment of the situation should be made by site staff in conjunction with the Centre Manager/Head Teacher.
Pathways across car parks may be cleared if resources permit, but generally it is
suggested that attempts are not made to clear car parking areas/spaces themselves, unless snow is so heavy that essential vehicles (e.g. emergency vehicles, delivery lorries etc) are unable to gain access to the site.
All persons clearing snow should be provided with suitable snow scrapers, shovels, rock salt /sharp sand, protective gloves, footwear and clothing (i.e. high visibility vests), staff should take regular breaks from the task.
This note is for guidance and to ensure current best practice is followed. Use in
conjunction with appropriate risk assessments and the premises clearance & gritting plan a suggested draft priority plan attached.
For more information and advice for dealing with ice and snow visit highway maintenance at http://www.luton.gov.uk/internet/Transport_and_streets